A chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints, including those in the hands and feet.
In rheumatoid arthritis, the body's immune system attacks its own tissue, including joints. In severe cases, it attacks internal organs.
Rheumatoid arthritis affects joint linings, causing painful swelling. Over long periods of time, the inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis can cause bone erosion and joint deformity.
While there's no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, physiotherapy and medication can help slow the disease's progression. Most cases can be managed with a class of medications called anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS)
A condition in which bones become weak and brittle.
The body constantly absorbs and replaces bone tissue. With osteoporosis, new bone creation doesn't keep up with old bone removal.
Many people have no symptoms until they have a bone fracture.
Treatment includes medication, a healthy diet and weight-bearing exercise to help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones.
Lateral hip pain. ... Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is the general medical term given to lateral hip pain symptoms that can be a result of one or a number of pathologies causing pain at the same time. Most commonly the gluteus medius or minimus tendon is involved along with bursitis in most cases.
It is most often caused by an injury to the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or nerves. This can be caused by jerking movements, car accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle. Musculoskeletal pain can also be caused by overuse.
Soft tissue problems. ... Often soft tissue injuries and disorders are chronically painful and difficult to treat as it is hard to see and diagnose what is going on under the skin surrounding soft connectivetissues such as joints, tendons and muscle
An irritation of the tissue connecting the forearm muscle to the elbow.
Tennis elbow can be caused by repetitive wrist and arm motions.
Pain is the primary symptom. It usually occurs on the outside of the elbow and sometimes in the forearm and wrist.
Treatment includes rest, pain relievers and physiotherapy.
Sometimes shoulder pain is the result of injury to another location in your body, usually the neck or bicep. ... Other causes of shoulder pain include several forms of arthritis, torn cartilage, or a torn rotator cuff. Swelling of the bursa sacs (which protect the shoulder) or tendons can also cause pain.
A condition in which a finger gets stuck in a bent position and then snaps straight.
Trigger finger occurs when the tendon in the affected finger becomes inflamed. Those most at risk include women, people with diabetes or arthritis and people whose regular activities strain their hands.
Symptoms include stiffness, a popping or clicking sensation and tenderness in the affected finger. Triggering is usually worse in the morning.
Treatment includes splinting, medication and surgery.
A numbness and tingling in the hand and arm caused by a pinched nerve in the wrist.
Wrist anatomy, underlying health conditions and patterns of hand use can contribute to carpal tunnel syndrome.
Key symptoms are pain in the hand and arm with numbness or tingling.
Treatment may include rest, ice, wrist splints, cortisone injections and surgery.
A type of arthritis that occurs when flexible tissue at the ends of bones wears down.
The wearing down of the protective tissue at the ends of bones (cartilage) occurs gradually and worsens over time.
Joint pain in the hands, neck, lower back, knees or hips is the most common symptom.
Medication, physiotherapy and sometimes surgery can help reduce pain and maintain joint movement.
A form of arthritis characterised by severe pain, redness and tenderness in joints.
Pain and inflammation occur when too much uric acid crystallises and deposits in the joints.
Symptoms of gout include severe pain, redness and swelling in joints, often the big toe. Attacks can come suddenly, often at night.
During an acute attack, anti-inflammatory medication (NSAIDs) can help to relieve pain and shorten the duration of the attack. Patients with chronic gout can use behavioural modification such as diet, exercise and decreased intake of alcohol to help minimise the frequency of attacks. Additionally, patients with chronic gout are often put on medication to reduce uric acid levels.
The seven most common sports injuries are:
Back pain is pain felt in the back. ... Common identifiable causes of back pain include degenerative or traumatic changes to the discs and facets joints, which can then cause secondary pain in the muscles, and nerves, and referred pain to the bones, joints and extremities.
These can affect blood flow to the organs and other body tissues. Vasculitis can involve any of the blood vessels. Mixed connective tissue disease. People with MCTD have some features characteristic of several diseases, including lupus, scleroderma, polymyositis or dermatomyositis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
It is most often caused by an injury to the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or nerves. This can be caused by jerking movements, car accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle. Musculoskeletal pain can also be caused by overuse. Pain from overuse affects 33% of adults.
Different types of arthritis exist, each with different causes including wear and tear, infections and underlying diseases.
Symptoms include pain, swelling, reduced range of motion and stiffness.
Medication, physiotherapy or sometimes surgery helps reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.
Too little vitamin D in the body.
People get vitamin D through food and by exposure to sunlight. For most adults, vitamin D deficiency isn't a concern. Some, especially those with dark skin and adults older than 65, are at higher risk of the condition.
Most people have no symptoms. In severe cases, deficiency can lead to thin, brittle or misshapen bones.
Vitamin D supplementation is the main treatment.